By Kathryn Gin Lum

one of the urgent issues of usa citizens within the first century of nationhood have been daily survival, political concord, exploration of the continent, international coverage, and--fixed deeply within the collective consciousness--hell and everlasting damnation. the phobia of fireplace and brimstone and the trojan horse that by no means dies exerted a profound and lasting impression on american citizens' rules approximately themselves, their associates, and the remainder of the world.

Kathryn Gin Lum poses a few important questions: Why did the phobia of hell live to tell the tale Enlightenment opinions in the United States, after principally subsiding in Europe and somewhere else? What have been the implications for early and antebellum americans of residing with the phobia of seeing themselves and lots of humans they knew endlessly damned? How did they reside below the weighty legal responsibility to save lots of as many souls as attainable? What approximately those that rejected this feeling of legal responsibility and worry? Gin Lum indicates that underneath early american citizens' vaunted millennial optimism lurked a pervasive anxiousness: that instead of being favorite by means of God, they and their state will be the thing of divine wrath. As frequent social hierarchies crumbled prior to revival hearth, financial unease, and political chaos, "saved" and "damned" turned as an important differences as race, category, and gender. the specter of damnation grew to become an impetus for or deterrent from every kind of behaviors, from examining novels to possessing slaves.

Gin Lum tracks the assumption of hell from the Revolution to Reconstruction. She considers the information of theological leaders like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, in addition to these of normal men and women. She discusses the perspectives of local american citizens, americans of ecu and African descent, citizens of Northern insane asylums and Southern plantations, New England's clergy and missionaries out of the country, or even proponents of Swedenborgianism and annihilationism. Damned kingdom offers a charming account of an concept that performed a transformative position in America's highbrow and cultural history.

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Damned Nation: Hell in America from the Revolution to Reconstruction by Kathryn Gin Lum

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